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"Be wise, generalize!"
Planning is well known to be a hard problem. We are developing methods for acquiring useful knowledge while computing plans for small problem instances. This knowledge is then used to aid planning in larger, more difficult problems.
Often, our approaches can extract algorithmic, generalized plans that solve efficiently large classes of similar problems as well as problems with uncertainty in the quantities of objects that the agent needs to work with. The generalized plans we compute are easier to understand and are generated with proofs of correctness.
A real robot never has perfect sensors or actuators. Instead, an intelligent robot needs to be able to solve the tasks assigned to it while handling uncertainty about the environment as well as about the effects of its own actions. This is a challenging computational problem, but also one that humans solve on a routine basis (we don't have perfect sensors or actuators either!).
We are developing new methods for efficiently expressing and solving problems where the agent has limited, incomplete information about the quantities and identities of the objects that it may encounter.
The objective of this project is to introduce AI planning concepts using mobile manipulator robots. It uses a visual programming interface to make these concepts easier to grasp. Users can get the robot to accomplish desired tasks by dynamically populating puzzle shaped blocks encoding the robot's possible actions. This allows users to carry out navigation, planning and manipulation by connecting blocks instead of writing code. AI explanation techniques are used to inform a user if their plan to achieve a particular goal fails. This helps them better grasp the fundamentals of AI planning.
How would a non-expert assess what their AI system can or can’t do safely? Today’s AI systems require experts to evaluate them, which limits the deployability and safe usability of AI systems.
We are developing approaches for autonomous, user-driven assessment of the capabilities of black-box taskable AI systems, even as the AI systems learn and adapt. These methods would enable users to continually evaluate and understand their AI systems in their own idiosyncratic deployments. They would prevent performance failures and accidents that can arise when AI systems are used beyond their dynamic envelopes of safe applicability. We are also designing approaches for computing user-aligned explanations of AI behavior. Together, these approaches improve the safety and usability of AI systems and enable autonomous, on-the-fly training paradigms for AI systems.
In order to solve complex, long-horizon tasks such as doing the laundry, a robot needs to compute high-level strategies (e.g., would it be useful to put all the dirty clothes in a basket first?) as well as the joint movements that it should execute. Unfortunately, approaches for high-level planning rely on task-planning abstractions that are lossy and can produce “solutions” that have no feasible executions.
We are developing new methods for computing safe task-planning abstractions and for dynamically refining the task-planning abstraction to produce combined task and motion plans that are guaranteed to be executable. We are also working on utilizing abstractions in sequential decision making (SDM) for evaluating the effect of abstractions on models for SDM, as well as to search for abstractions that would aid in solving a given SDM problem.
Assistant ProfessorDirector, AAIR Lab
|Kyle Joseph Atkinson||B.S.||Jul 2022||Graduate Student, Arizona State University|
|Kiran Prasad||M.S.||Jul 2022||Software Developer, Amazon Robotics|
|Shashank Rao Marpally||M.S.||May 2021||PhD Student, National University of Singapore|
|Deepak Kala Vasudevan||M.S.||Dec 2020||Software Developer, Amazon Robotics|
|Abhyudaya Srinet||M.S.||Aug 2020||CTO, MentR-Me and MiM-Essay.com|
|Kislay Kumar||M.S.||Dec 2019||Software Developer, Amazon Robotics AI|
|Chirav Dave||M.S.||Dec 2019||Researcher, DiDi Research America LLC.|
|Daniel Molina||M.S.||May 2019||Machine Learning Engineer, State Farm|
|Midhun P. M.||M.C.S.||Dec 2018||Software Engineer, Box|
|Julia Nakhleh||B.S.||May 2019||Graduate Student, University of Wisconsin-Madison|
|Ryan Christensen||B.S.||May 2018||Data Engineer, Tellic|
|Perry Wang||B.S.||May 2018|